An osmotic balance of worries?


Literally: inside – grieve – outside – affliction

Alternately: Troubles both within and from without (a country). Internal and external problems. For example, alienating both your populace and your neighbors. By extension, can refer to the combination of intra- and inter-entity problems for households, corporations, and so on.

Notes: Some versions replace 憂 with 患 and the second 患 with 禍 (ka, “misfortune”).

This compound comes to us from the Commentary of Zuo (『春秋左氏伝』, in Japanese Shunjuu sashiden), which we’ve seen before.


Japanese Prime Minister Abe, pummeled with internal scandals while being excluded from talks between the Koreas, China, and the USA.

About Confanity

I love the written word more than anything else I've had the chance to work with. I'm back in the States from Japan for grad school, but still studying Japanese with the hope of becoming a translator -- or writer, or even teacher -- as long as it's something language-related.
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