Horizon-spanning hostility

A puffer-fish, going out of business?

不俱戴天
fu.gu.tai.ten

Literally: non – together – “be crowned with” / “live under” – sky

Alternately: A hated enemy; deep and abiding antipathy toward someone. Someone you despise so much that you can’t bear to live under the same sky as them.

Notes:

This compound may also be read as a regular Japanese sentence, 「俱に天を戴かず」 (tomo ni ten wo itadakazu), “not putting the heavens overhead together.” The four-character version may also be followed by ~の間柄 (-no aidagara), “a relationship of (unquenchable hatred).”

Switching the first two characters (俱不戴天, gu fu tai ten) is a rare but acceptable alternative, as is replacing 俱 with 同 (dou), “same.” But it would be an error to replace 俱 with its cousin and homophone 具, “tool,” or 戴 with lookalike 載 (sai, “ride”).

This phrase comes to us from our friend, the Book of Rites (Japanese 『礼記』 = Raiki). It comes from a section that seems to be describing the proper attitude toward the enemies of one’s friends and family; the specific nuance of this phrase is how you feel about your father’s enemy, where (e.g.) the enemy of one of your friends is merely not to be tolerated within the same country, rather than the same world.

 
That guy versus that other guy. Not an even matchup.

Actually, the fight we see here isn’t anything personal. It’s just from an episode of the Jujutsu Kaisen anime that plays on today’s phrase.

About Confanity

I love the written word more than anything else I've had the chance to work with. I'm back in the States from Japan for grad school, but still studying Japanese with the hope of becoming a translator -- or writer, or even teacher -- as long as it's something language-related.
This entry was posted in Japanese, Yojijukugo and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s